CQ.com - After the Arab Spring: An Uncertain Season

After the Arab Spring: An Uncertain Season

Country: Tunisia Egypt Yemen Libya Bahrain Syria
Arab Spring Start: Dec-10 Jan-11 Jan-11 Feb-11 Feb-11 Mar-11
Pre-Arab Spring Government: President Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, in power since 1989. President Hosni Mubarak, in power since 1981. President Ali Abdullah Saleh, in power since 1978. Prime Minister Muammar Qaddafi, in power since 1969. King Hamad al-Khalifa, in power since 1999. President Bashar Assad, in power since 2000, when he succeeded his father, who had led for the previous 30 years.
Arab Spring Activities: Widespread protests eventually led to the resignation of Ben Ali. Widespread protests met with force by state security. Widespread protests met with force by state security, followed by armed clashes. Protests and riots, civil war launched by rebel militias in the east. Protests in the capital, Manama, met with force by state security and troops called in from Saudi Arabia. Widespread protests met with force by state security. Opposition armed itself and has been engaged in a civil war.
Outcome: Moderate Islamist party, Ennahda, won elections. A Constituent Assembly was elected to draft a new constitution, which was adopted in January 2014. For the sake of having an inclusive candidate, the Ennahda Party is not fielding a presidential candidate this November. Mubarak forced to resign. Muslim Brotherhood won parliamentary elections. Military deposed Mohammed Morsi, the Muslim BrotherhoodХs president. Former military chief Abdel Fattah el-Sisi won 96 percent of the vote for president this May. Nearly a year after protests began, Saleh agrees to cede presidency to vice president Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi. Hadi had no problems winning a 2012 election, but is struggling to combat a rebel Shia group in the north, a secession movement in the south, an al-Qaida led insurgency and extreme poverty. West supports rebels with no-fly zone and airstrikes. Qaddafi captured and killed outside his hometown of Sirte. In vacuum left, Libya is in a civil war. The secular government fled the capital after it was captured by a rebel coalition of Islamist and Misrata forces. King Hamad al-Khalifa remains in power. Thousands were arrested, with some protestors and organizers still serving lengthy prison sentences. Monument site of protests torn down and coins featuring its image removed from circulation. Assad still in power. Once in a strong position, rebel forces are faltering and divided between moderates and the extremist Sunni group ISIL, which is more concerned with creating their caliphate than deposing Assad. Western powers are wary of helping moderates for fear weapons would find their way to ISIL.